3D investigation of natural convection of nanofluids in a curved boundary enclosure applying lattice Boltzmann method
Hosseini Abadshapoori, M - Saidi, M.H
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the natural convection behavior of nanofluids in an enclosure. The enclosure is a 3D capsule with curved boundaries filled with TiO2-water nanofluid. Design/methodology/approach: In this paper, a multiple relaxation times lattice Boltzmann method (MRT-LBM) has been used. Two-component LBM has been conducted to consider the interaction forces between nanoparticles and the base fluid. Findings: Results show that the enhanced Nusselt number (Nu*) increases with the increase in volume fraction of nanoparticles (ϕ) and Ra number and decrease of nanoparticle size (λ). Additionally, the findings indicate that increasing volume fraction beyond a certain value decreases Nu*. Originality/value: This paper presents a MRT model of lattice Boltzmann in a 3D curved enclosure. A correlation is also presented based on the current results for Nu* depending on Ra number, volume fraction and size of nanoparticles. Furthermore, a comparison for the convergence rate and accuracy of this model and the SIMPLE algorithm is presented. © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.